What Is Video Editing and VFX?

Video editing and VFX are two terms that are often used interchangeably within the film and television industry. While they both involve the manipulation of visual media, there are distinct differences between the two.

What is Video Editing?

Video editing refers to the process of manipulating and rearranging video footage to create a coherent story or message. This can involve cutting, splicing, and rearranging footage, as well as adding special effects, music, and sound effects.

Video editing has been around since the early days of film, with editors physically cutting and splicing together strips of film to create a final product. Today, video editing is predominantly done digitally using specialized software like Adobe Premiere Pro or Final Cut Pro.

The goal of video editing is to create a cohesive narrative by trimming away unnecessary footage, adjusting pacing and timing, and selecting the best takes from multiple shots. The end result should be a seamless blend of visuals and audio that effectively communicates a message or tells a story.

Types of Video Editing

There are various types of video editing techniques used in the industry. Here are some examples:


The cut is one of the most basic types of video edits. It involves simply trimming one clip and replacing it with another at a specific point in time.

Cross Dissolve

A cross dissolve involves gradually transitioning from one clip to another by fading out one while simultaneously fading in the other.

Jump Cut

A jump cut involves removing portions of footage from within a single clip to create an abrupt transition between two different moments in time.

What is VFX?

VFX stands for visual effects and refers to any visuals created using computer-generated imagery (CGI) or other digital technology. This can include anything from creating entirely new worlds or characters to enhancing existing footage with additional elements like explosions or weather effects.

VFX has become an essential part of modern filmmaking, allowing filmmakers to create realistic and fantastical worlds that would be impossible to achieve with practical effects alone.

Types of VFX

There are various types of VFX techniques used in the industry. Here are some examples:

Matte Painting

Matte painting involves creating a detailed painting or digital image that is used as a background for live-action footage.

Green Screen

Green screen (or blue screen) involves filming actors in front of a solid-colored backdrop and then replacing the background with digital imagery during post-production.

CGI Animation

CGI animation involves creating entirely new characters or objects using computer-generated imagery. This can range from simple animations like text or logos to complex 3D models like creatures or vehicles.

In conclusion, video editing and VFX are both essential components of modern filmmaking. While video editing focuses on manipulating existing footage to create a cohesive narrative, VFX allows filmmakers to create entirely new worlds and characters using digital technology. By understanding the differences between these two fields, you can better appreciate the incredible amount of work that goes into creating the movies and TV shows we love.