What Is the Basic Part of Video Camera?

Video cameras are essential tools that capture our memories and events in real-time. Whether you are a professional or an amateur videographer, understanding the basic parts of a video camera is crucial. In this article, we will discuss the essential components that make up a video camera.

Camera Body

The camera body is the main component of a video camera. It houses all the other parts and controls of the camera. The body is usually made of plastic or metal, and it comes in various shapes and sizes depending on the type of camera you are using.


The viewfinder is a small window located at the top of the camera body. It allows you to see what you are filming in real-time. Some cameras have electronic viewfinders (EVF), while others have optical viewfinders (OVF).


The lens is an essential part of any video camera. It controls the amount of light entering into the camera, which affects the quality of your footage. Some lenses come with built-in zoom functionality, allowing you to zoom in and out without having to move closer or further away from your subject.

Image Sensor

The image sensor is responsible for capturing light and converting it into an image that can be recorded onto your memory card or storage device. There are two types of image sensors: CCD (Charge-Coupled Device) and CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor). CCD sensors tend to produce better quality images but consume more power than CMOS sensors.


The controls on a video camera allow you to adjust various settings such as exposure, focus, white balance, and shutter speed. These controls can be accessed through buttons or dials located on the camera body.


The battery provides power to the camera, allowing it to function. It is usually located on the bottom or side of the camera body and can be removed for charging or replacement.

Memory Card

The memory card is where your recorded footage is stored. It is inserted into a slot located on the side or bottom of the camera body. There are various types of memory cards available, including SD (Secure Digital), CF (CompactFlash), and Sony Memory Stick.


In conclusion, understanding the basic parts of a video camera is essential for anyone looking to capture high-quality footage. From the camera body to the lens and image sensor, each component plays a vital role in ensuring you get the best possible results. So, whether you are a professional videographer or just starting with videography as a hobby, make sure you know your camera inside out!