What Is Matrix in Video Camera?

Matrix in Video Camera: Understanding Image Sensors

If you are a photography or videography enthusiast, you must have come across the term ‘matrix’ while referring to image sensors in cameras. In simple words, a matrix is a grid of pixels that captures the light and forms an image. In this article, we will delve into the concept of matrix in video cameras and its significance.

What is Matrix?

In video camera technology, the term matrix refers to an array of photosensitive elements on the image sensor. These elements, known as pixels, convert light into electrical signals that are then processed to form an image. The number of pixels in a matrix determines the resolution of the image sensor; more pixels mean higher resolution.

Types of Matrix

There are two types of matrices used in video cameras: CCD (Charge-Coupled Device) and CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor). CCD matrices were used earlier but are now replaced by CMOS matrices due to their lower power consumption and cost-effectiveness.

CCD Matrix

A CCD matrix consists of rows and columns of pixels that collect charge when exposed to light. The charge is then transferred to a single output node where it is converted into voltage and amplified. This voltage signal is then digitized by an analog-to-digital converter and processed to form an image.

The main advantage of CCD matrices is their high sensitivity to light, making them ideal for low-light conditions. However, they consume more power than CMOS matrices and are slower in readout speed.

CMOS Matrix

A CMOS matrix also consists of rows and columns of pixels but each pixel has its own amplifier circuitry which reduces noise and improves efficiency. When exposed to light, each pixel generates its own voltage signal which is then directly digitized by an analog-to-digital converter.

The main advantage of CMOS matrices is their lower power consumption and faster readout speed. They are also more cost-effective than CCD matrices. However, they have lower sensitivity to light and may produce more noise in low-light conditions.

Resolution of Matrix

The resolution of a matrix is determined by the number of pixels it contains. The more pixels, the higher the resolution and the sharper the image. Video cameras with higher resolutions are ideal for professional applications where detail is crucial, such as in filmmaking or broadcasting.


In conclusion, matrix is a crucial element in video camera technology that determines the resolution and quality of images captured by the camera. CCD and CMOS matrices are two types of matrices used in video cameras with their advantages and disadvantages. Understanding matrix technology can help you make an informed decision when buying a video camera that suits your needs.