What Are the Basics of Video Editing?

Video editing is the process of manipulating and rearranging video shots to create a new piece of content. It can be used for a variety of purposes such as creating films, advertisements, or social media posts. Regardless of the purpose, there are some basic principles that every beginner should know.


The first thing you need to do is choose your video editing software. There are many options available, both free and paid. Adobe Premiere Pro and Final Cut Pro X are popular paid options while iMovie and DaVinci Resolve are great for beginners and are free to use.

Importing Your Footage

Once you have your software, you need to import your footage. This can be done by either plugging in your camera or SD card directly into your computer or by transferring the files onto your computer first. Once imported, you can begin organizing your footage.

Organizing Your Footage

Before you start editing, it’s important to organize your footage into specific folders so that you can easily find what you need. You can also use subfolders for each scene or shot to make things even more organized.


The timeline is where all the magic happens. This is where you will arrange all your clips in order to tell your story. You can add transitions between each clip to make the video flow smoothly.


Audio is just as important as video when it comes to video editing. You can adjust the volume levels of each clip and add music or sound effects to enhance the overall feel of your project.

Basic Video Editing Techniques

  • Cutting: Cutting is one of the most basic techniques in video editing. It involves removing unwanted parts from a clip.
  • Trimming: Trimming involves adjusting the start and end points of a clip.
  • Splitting: Splitting involves dividing a clip into two or more sections.
  • Merging: Merging involves combining two or more clips into one.

Exporting Your Video

Once you’ve finished editing your video, it’s time to export it. This is where you choose the file format, resolution, and quality of your final product. Make sure to save your project so that you can make changes in the future if necessary.


Video editing can seem daunting at first, but with the right software and basic knowledge of techniques, anyone can create a great video. Remember to keep your footage organized and always think about the story you want to tell. Happy editing!