How Do You Connect a Microphone to a Video Camera?

When it comes to creating quality video content, audio is just as important as visuals. Whether you’re recording a vlog, a short film or an interview, having good audio can make or break the final product. This is why it’s crucial to know how to connect a microphone to your video camera.

Types of Microphones:
Before we dive into the process of connecting a microphone, let’s take a quick look at the different types of microphones available:

  • Shotgun Microphone: This directional microphone is commonly used in film and TV production. It captures sound from a specific direction and eliminates unwanted background noise.
  • Lavalier Microphone: Also known as a lapel mic, this microphone clips onto clothing and is commonly used in interviews or presentations.
  • Handheld Microphone: As the name suggests, this microphone is held in the hand and is commonly used for live performances or speeches.

The Process of Connecting a Microphone to Your Video Camera

Step 1: Check Your Camera’s Compatibility

Before purchasing a microphone, make sure it’s compatible with your camera. Most cameras have either an XLR or a 3.5mm jack input for external microphones. Check your camera’s manual or specification sheet to find out which one you have.

Step 2: Choose Your Microphone

Once you know what type of input your camera has, choose the appropriate microphone for your needs. Keep in mind that different microphones have different polar patterns (i.e., how they pick up sound). Choose one that’s suitable for your shooting environment.

Step 3: Connect Your Microphone

Connect your microphone to your camera’s input jack. If you’re using an XLR microphone, you’ll need an XLR cable. If you’re using a 3.5mm jack microphone, make sure the plug is compatible with your camera’s input.

Step 4: Adjust Your Audio Settings

Once your microphone is connected, adjust your camera’s audio settings. This includes setting levels and choosing mono or stereo recording.

Step 5: Test Your Audio

Before you start filming, test your audio to make sure everything is working properly. Record a short clip and play it back to check for any issues.


Connecting a microphone to your video camera may seem intimidating at first, but it’s actually a simple process that can greatly improve the quality of your videos. By choosing the right microphone and adjusting your audio settings, you can capture clear and crisp audio that will enhance your final product.