How Do I Use Video Camera With Opencv?

If you are interested in computer vision, you may have heard of OpenCV. OpenCV is an open-source computer vision library that provides many tools and algorithms for image and video processing.

With OpenCV, you can easily capture video from a camera and process it in real-time. In this tutorial, we will show you how to use a video camera with OpenCV.

Getting Started

To get started, you need to install OpenCV on your system. You can find detailed instructions on how to do this in the official OpenCV documentation. Once you have installed OpenCV, you can start using it to capture video from your camera.

Capturing Video

To capture video from a camera using OpenCV, you first need to create a VideoCapture object. The VideoCapture object represents the camera and provides methods for capturing frames of video.


import cv2

cap = cv2.VideoCapture(0)

while True:
ret, frame =
cv2.imshow(‘frame’, frame)
if cv2.waitKey(1) & 0xFF == ord(‘q’):


In the above code, we first import the necessary modules and create a VideoCapture object using `cv2.VideoCapture(0)`. The argument `0` specifies that we want to use the default camera connected to our system. If there are multiple cameras connected to your system, you can specify the index of the camera you want to use.

We then enter into an infinite loop where we read frames from the camera using ``. The method returns two values – `ret` which is a boolean indicating whether a frame was read successfully or not, and `frame` which is the actual frame data.

We then display the frame using `cv2.imshow()` and wait for the user to press the ‘q’ key to quit the program. Finally, we release the VideoCapture object and destroy all windows using `cap.release()` and `cv2.destroyAllWindows()` respectively.

Processing Video

Once you have captured video from a camera, you can process it using various OpenCV functions and algorithms. For example, you can apply filters to each frame, detect objects in the video stream, or track motion between frames.

while True:
ret, frame =
gray = cv2.cvtColor(frame, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
edges = cv2.Canny(gray, 100, 200)
cv2.imshow(‘edges’, edges)
if cv2.waitKey(1) & 0xFF == ord(‘q’):

In this example, we capture frames from the camera as before. However, instead of displaying the raw frames, we first convert them to grayscale using `cv2.cvtColor()`. We then apply an edge detection filter to the grayscale frame using `cv2.Canny()` and display the resulting edges.


In this tutorial, we have shown you how to use a video camera with OpenCV. We have covered how to capture video from a camera and how to process it using various OpenCV functions and algorithms. With these tools at your disposal, you can explore computer vision further and create your own applications that use video streams from cameras.