How Do I Connect an External Microphone to My Video Camera?

Are you tired of the poor audio quality of your camera’s built-in microphone? Do you want to improve the sound of your videos by using an external microphone?

You’ve come to the right place! In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to connect an external microphone to your video camera.

Step 1: Check Your Camera’s Input

The first thing you need to do is check if your camera has an external microphone input. This is usually a 3.5mm jack labeled “mic” or “microphone.” If your camera doesn’t have this input, you won’t be able to connect an external microphone directly.

Step 2: Choose Your Microphone

Once you’ve confirmed that your camera has a mic input, it’s time to choose the right external microphone. There are many different types of microphones available, but the most common ones are:

  • Shotgun Microphones – These are directional microphones that capture sound from a specific direction and are ideal for outdoor shooting.
  • Lavalier Microphones – These are small, clip-on microphones that can be attached to clothing and are ideal for interviews and presentations.
  • Handheld Microphones – These are wired or wireless microphones that can be held in the hand and are ideal for live performances and events.

Step 3: Connect Your Microphone

Now it’s time to connect your chosen microphone to your camera. Here’s how:

  1. Locate the mic input on your camera.
  2. If your microphone uses a 3.5mm jack (most do), plug it into the mic input on your camera.
  3. If your microphone uses XLR connectors (common with professional-quality microphones), you’ll need an XLR-to-3.5mm adapter to connect it to your camera.
  4. Once your microphone is connected, turn on your camera and test the audio levels. Adjust the volume as needed.

Step 4: Consider Additional Equipment

If you want even better audio quality, there are a few additional pieces of equipment you can consider:

  • Windscreen – This is a foam cover that fits over your microphone and helps reduce wind noise in outdoor settings.
  • Shock Mount – This is a device that attaches to your camera or tripod and holds your microphone in place while isolating it from vibrations and handling noise.
  • Audio Recorder – If you want the best possible sound quality, consider using an external audio recorder in addition to your camera. This will allow you to record high-quality audio separately from your video and sync them together in post-production.


By following these steps, you should now be able to connect an external microphone to your video camera and improve the sound quality of your videos. Remember to choose the right microphone for your needs, connect it properly, and consider additional equipment for even better results. Happy shooting!